Modelling and analysis of four wheel rim by using PEEK composites
- Material Science & Engineering International Journal
Manivannan R, Rajasekar R, Gobinath VK
Kongu Engineering College
Wheel plays a vital role of vehicle suspension which guides the static and dynamic load during vehicle action. Four wheeler should withstand the load while carries the heavy load of occupants considering self weight also. So that the automotive industries mostly exploring the polymeric material in order to get lesser weight without substantial loss in vehicle quality and reliability. Even though the conventional materials are used for preparing the rim has good mechanical properties but it suffers from serious disadvantage of the less weight to strength ratio and low life. This reduction of weight of a vehicle directly impacts its fuel consumption. To achieve this weight reduction the material used for manufacturing the wheel rim should be the composite materials with the identical or superior mechanical properties than the conventional rims. The materials used are Polyether ether ketone (PEEK) materials which are expressed as polyether ether ketone. In this project, analysis of the Car wheel rim is carried out for weight reduction. The wheel rim is modeled by using standard parameters in Creo Parametric 2.0 software and analyzed to see the variations of deformation and stresses of the rim for different material such as Aluminium Alloy, PEEK, PEEK with 30% Glass fiber, PEEK–90 HMF 20, PEEK–90 HMF 40 after the static structural analysis is done using the ANSYS 17.0 software. The analysis is carried using ANSYS for different compositions of the PEEK materials. The results such as deformation, vonmisesstress, life and maximum shear stress of the different PEEK materials are obtained for different four wheeler rim materials. The results of materials are compared with one another and the one with best mechanical properties is considered as the alternate material for the conventional rim wheel. Using this method, the life cycle of the rim was enhanced to 1*10e6 meet their design requirement. On analysis by implementing different PEEK composites we find that PEEK–90 HMF 20 suits the best for manufactured the wheel rim material.
peek composites, wheel rim, modelling