Psychomotricity and its relationship with the intelligence quotient in preschoolers with congenital hypothyroidism
- International Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Journal
Ismene Corral-Guillé,1 Rolando Rivera-González,1 Esperanza Ontiveros-Mendoza,1Juan Antonio González-Medrano,2 Carmen Sánchez-Pérez1,2
Objective:To identify the relationship between the Psychomotor Performance and the Intelligence Quotient in preschoolers diagnosed with Congenital hypothyroidism (CH).
Methods:Transversal study with 58 preschoolers diagnosed with CH. Picq and Vayer test (PV) and Wechsler preschool and primary scale of intelligence (WPPSI) were used. Pearson's correlation coefficient and analysis of variance were estimated.
Results: Body schema (BS) from the PV test showed the highest statistically significant correlation with global IQ from the WPPSI (r=0.410); verbal IQ (VIQ) with Language (LE) (r=0.479); and performance IQ (PIQ) with BS (r=0.444). Components from the PV test showing significant correlations with verbal sub-scale of WPPSI. Projective drawing correlated to 4 of the 5 sub-scales assessed by the Performance sub-scale fo WPPSI (r 0.267 to 0.465).
Conclusion: Psychomotor development in preschoolers is the major predictor of the performance functions of children with hypothyroidism.
psychomotricity, intelligence quotient of preschoolers, motor disorders, pedagogical and psychological, human motor, sensory-motor experiences, cognitive skills, physical and social actions, psychomotricity, development factor, predictive factor, static balance, postural control, verbal and non-verbal memory