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Morphostructural characterization of the Creole goat (Capra hircus) of the municipality of Cuajinicuilapa, on the Costa Chica of Guerrero, Mexico


Open Access Journal of Science
E Valencia-Franco,2 EC García y González,1 E. Soni-Guillermo,2 BC Pineda-Burgos,1 PE Hernández-Ruiz,1 PI Romero-Rodríguez,1 JC Rodríguez-Castillo,3 JL Ponce1

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to characterize morpho-structurally the Creole goat of the municipality of Cuajinicuilapa, Guerrero. The dispersion of most of the studied body measurements showed a coefficient of variation (CV) with a range of 10.91% (height to the cross, HC) and 32.95% (rump width, RW). The little variation between the HC (65.97 cm) and height at the rump (HR, 64.92 cm) makes it possible to differentiate an inclination of the back train the previous one of the animal. On the other hand, some corporal measures considered of economic importance for the meat genotype HC (65.97%), thoracic perimeter (TP, 74.68 cm) and body length (BL, 68.92 cm), little variation between these variables was observed. On the other hand, the cephalic measurements found in this work were width of the orbital head (WOH, 22.38%), long head LH (12.37%), snout diameter (SD, 15.71%) and ear length (EL, 17.91%). On the other hand, in the analysis of the main components of the Creole goats: LH, HC, HR, height to the sternum (HS), TP, abdomen perimeter (AP), shoulder width (SW) and bicostal diameter (BD) It was found that the variables live weight (LW) and HC presented more than 98% of the variability of the data. In the case of the variables of body condition (BC), AP, BD, they correlated positively with the LH; the SW and DB with the BL; HR and AP with HC; the AP with the TP; with the diameter of the shoulders (DS) with AP and tail length (TL); perimeter of the fetlock (PF), DS; LT with the length of the udder (LU) and the length of the horns (LH) (**P<0.0001). On the other hand, the variables that have *P<0.05, have a moderate correlation between them. In conclusion, the Creole goats of the municipality of Cuajinicuilapa, Guerrero show a great variability in their morpho-structural characteristics. It was found that the variables LW and HC presented more than 98% of the variability of the data, also a positive correlation was found between the studied characteristics.

Keywords

body characteristics, measurements, local goats, tropical region

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