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Distribution of urinary schistosomiasis among school children at elkeriab and tayba elkababish villages, East Nile Locality, Khartoum State, Sudan


Journal of Pediatrics & Neonatal Care
Qutoof HashimTaha,1 Osama Hafiz Elshazali,2 Abubakr Ibrahim Ahmed1

Abstract

Introduction:Schistosoma infection is a one of the main infection in the tropics and sub tropics, from a global public perspective Schistosoma is the most important water based disease, only second to malaria among the parasitic diseases with regard to the number of people infected and those at risk. The reported incidence of S.haematobium in Sudan is between 0-20%.

Methodology:this is a descriptive cross sectional study, we screened all the school aged children from the two villages of Elkeriab and Tayba Elkababish in the East Nile locality, Khartoum state; for S.haematobium, by examining the urine, using wet preparation and filtration technique.

Results: 1205 school children were screened for S.haematobium, 105(8.7%) tested positive for Schistosoma, the infection rate was more in Tayba Elkabish compared to Elkeriab (p value=0.01) and in male more than females (p value =0.01).

Conclusion:S.haematobium infection is still a common infection in school ages children, in rural and irrigated schemes, mainly affected males. Schistosoma control programs have reduced the prevalence of S.haematobium infection but still there is a long road towards eradication of Schistosoma.

Keywords

malaria, schistosomiasis, parasitic diseases, agricultural populations, periodic, administration, praziquantel, chemotherapy, urinary, primary-schools

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