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Anaerobic power analysis and training methods in professional soccer athletes


International Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Journal
Matheus Luís da Silva,1 Ricardo Cesar Alves Ferreira1,2

Abstract

Soccer is among the most complex sports because it needs several physical valences. The prevailing metabolism inside a game is aerobic but, in crucial moments of a match, part of the explosive movements from the anaerobic metabolism is activated. The maximal anaerobic power is a trainable variable that is extremely important for a soccer player and can be trained in different ways.

Objective:This study aimed to analyze some methods for maximal anaerobic power training and demonstrate their importance for professional soccer.

Method:This research is a literature review. We searched through books and research websites such as Pubmed and Scielo using the descriptors. The search returned 86 entries, from which 30 were filtered out and used in this review. Sprint, plyometric and interval training (game situation) are the models that stand out in the literature. Conclusion: Through this research, it is possible to conclude that the training of this variable must be done with alternating methods within the proposals and needs of the team.

Keywords

anaerobic power, training, soccer, professional, intense activities, morphological, metabolic and functional changes, stretch-shortening cycle, stretch reflex, squat jumps, young athletes, plyometric training, dispute and competition, muscular power, game situation

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