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Social determinants of non-communicable disease


MOJ Public Health
Elias Teages Adgoy

Abstract

Background: Non–communicable diseases (NCDs) are noninfectious diseases that are not transmitted through personal contact, biological vectors, vehicles, and are not airborne. The major NCDs include diabetes, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), cancer, chronic respiratory disease, injuries (accidents) and mental illness. These are the world’s growing causes of preventable illness, disability, morbidity and mortality.
Objectives: This literature review study conducted for exploring the social determinants of Non–Communicable Disease.
Methods: A literature review was done by using a variety of search engines; a Boolean search strategy to retrieve research publications, “grey literature”, and expert working group reports.
Key findings: This review paper tried to explain globalization and its impacts on NCDs, focusing on global and regional structural and intermediary determinants of health inequalities and disparities, human right, gender and relevance of human right based approach (HRBA) on NCDs, Sustainable Development Goals (2015–2030) which are post 2015 (MDGs) and others.
Conclusion: The paper focused on human development; by discussing the components of SDGs, and the social, economic, and environmental domains that affect its achievement. NCDs are embedded in the post–2015 development agenda, since they are leading causes of death and disability, through their effects on the societal, economic, and environmental domains that affects negatively to the sustainability of human development. Some drives of unsustainable development, such as the transport, food and agriculture, and energy sectors, also increase the risk of NCDs.

Keywords

non–communicable disease, cardiovascular, globalization, urbanization, demographic, agriculture, sustainability, illness, disability, morbidity, mortality, determinants, transition, respiratory, interventions

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