Considerations on the advances in studies on clothing products development for older adults with Parkinson’s disease
- MOJ Gerontology & Geriatrics
Leticia Nardoni Marteli, Erica Pereira das Neves, Fausto Orsi Medola, Luis Carlos Paschoarelli
Human ageing is characterized - among other factors - by limitations in Activities of Daily Life (ADLs), especially because of the impaired motor and biomechanical functioning. Due to this scenario, the manipulation of some artifacts, such as garments and their fastenings (buttons, zippers), can increase the level of difficulties to perform dressing and undressing activities. In the case of individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD), the current models of clothing and fastenings may lead to dissatisfaction, embarrassment or even full inability to use and complete dressing and undressing activities, compromising independence. Clothing are extensions of the body, when these are associated with physical, mental and social human’s well-being. Its morphological and functional aspects - including the application of fastenings - can lead to the promotion of physical and mental health, when developed from ergonomic and usability points of view. Thus, the objective of this mini-review was to investigate the demands on the dressing and undressing activities performed by older adults with PD; and to understand how this subject is addressed in health and design studies. It was identified that the problem is a reality and that understanding the limitations found in literature can be anexceptional alternative to clothing design for a highest level of usability for users. Thus, new research approaches are proposed, especially those of exploratory and applied character, that investigate the clothing usability by older adults and, consequently, the independence promotion of people with PD in their ADLs.
aging, motor disabilities, ADLs, clothing, ergonomic design, involuntary tremor, rigidity, abnormal slowness, physical, sensory, psychological, educational, reaching, grasping, holding, ageing process, comfort, safety, accessibility, consequently, satisfactory levels, quality of life, promote autonomy, emotional, physical needs