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Unusual cause of hyponatremia in a young patient with varicella zoster infection: a case report


Journal of Microbiology & Experimentation
Sandeep Kantor, Juhi Chandwani, Seif Al Abri, Antara Gokhale, Sadanandan Prakash

Abstract

Hyponatremia is one of the more common electrolyte abnormalities in clinical medicine. Some sources estimate that the number of patients who experience sodium levels of <135meq/L can be as high as 30% of all hospitalized patients. SIADH is the usual cause of Hyponatremia in patients with Varicella Zoster infection. Severe hyponatremia can cause substantial morbidity and mortality. The most common manifestations are CNS-related and include lethargy, confusion, disorientation and agitation. Serious manifestations include seizures, hypoxia and coma. We present here a report of an adult patient who presented with Varicella Zoster infection with seizures, agitation and unresponsiveness due to hyponatremia. Patient was on homeopathic medications and salt free diet since 3 days and was advised to take only free water to prevent exacerbations of skin lesions. 

Keywords

varicella zoster, hyponatremia, homeopathy

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