Breastfeeding and complementary feeding characteristics in children attend on the primary care in the city of Juchitán de Zaragoza, Oaxaca
- International Journal of Family & Community Medicine
MSP Ramírez Díaz María del Pilar,1 MNC Soto Novia Araceli Alejandra,2 MSP Luna Hernández Jorge Fernando3
Introduction: breastfeeding (BF) and complementary feeding (CF) are fundamental practices in the human life process, since it contributes to the growth, maturation and development of the infant; as well as providing short, medium and long term benefits.
Objective: to determine the proportion of breastfeeding in its different forms and to characterize the complementary feeding scheme in children born from 2015 to 2017 who currently attend the primary care in a city in the south of the Mexican Republic.
Material and methods: cross-sectional analytical study, the sample consisted of 150 mothers, who were surveyed for consecutive cases; as long as they met the inclusion criteria.
Results: the practice of BF was high 91.3%, while the exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) was 42% with an average duration of 1.81 months, 64.1% of the population studied used milk formula (MF). Women with basic education gave a higher proportion of complementary breastfeeding. The average onset of complementary feeding was 5.9 months, in the scheme of start of CF there is a significant absence of meat; since this food group was introduced on average in the tenth month. Sugar and salt addiction were carried out early 7.57 and 9.69 months respectively.
Conclusion: there is a low duration of the EBF and a high use of MF, the CF scheme reflects an important iron deficiency, which can impact on the health of the infant; as well as the early introduction of sugar and salt.
breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding, complementary feeding, primary care