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Laryngeal complaints and videolaryngoscopic laryngeal alterations in rheumatoid arthritis patients and its association with disease activity and duration


Journal of Otolaryngology-ENT Research
Mohamed Baraka,1 Hossam ElDessouky,2 Alaa Abdel Azeez Labeeb,3 Eman Ezzat,4 Asmaa ElDessouky4

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Abstract

Background:Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune systemic disease with a wide clinical presentation. The laryngeal manifestations are often masked by the articular disability often experienced in the early and late stages of the disease.
Objective:Association between different laryngeal complaints and videolaryngoscopic laryngeal alterations in patients with RA, and disease activity and duration.
Patients and methods:A retrospective study was conducted on 79 patients with RA. All subjects were recruited from the out-patient clinic of physical medicine, rehabilitation, and rheumatology in Al-Menoufia University Hospitals during the period from March 2015 to March 2017. All patients were subjected to both phoniatric and rheumatological assessment.
Results:Patients with phonasthenic symptoms and globus pharynges had significantly (p=0.01, 0.008 respectively) higher disease duration than patients without. No significant association found between rheumatoid arthritis duration and different videolaryngoscopic laryngeal alterations, patient’s self-assessment of the impact of laryngeal complaints on their lives, and auditory perceptual assessment (APA) of patient’s voice characters. As regards rheumatoid disease's activity no significant correlation has been established (p>0.05) with different laryngeal complaints except for patients in remission who had higher prevalence of intermittent dysphonia than patients with low activities. Rheumatoid disease's activity had no significant association with different laryngeal findings except those with moderate activity; they had significantly higher prevalence of vocal folds nodules than patients with high activity and patients in remission.
Conclusion:A significant association between the disease's duration and presence of laryngeal complaints, dysphonia, and its persistence has been established. Also, patients with phonasthenic symptoms and globus pharynges had significantly higher disease duration than patients without. Rheumatoid diseases activity had significant association with different laryngeal complaints in patients with remission that had higher prevalence of intermittent dysphonia than patients with low activities. No significant association between the disease activity and different laryngeal findings that has been found except for patients with DAS-28>3.2, they had significantly higher prevalence of rheumatoid nodules.

Keywords

disease's duration, laryngeal complaints, rheumatoid arthritis larynx, disease-modifying, anti-rheumatic, drugs, videolaryngoscopic, extra-articular, manifestations findings, rheumatoid nodules, rheumatoid, arthritis

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