High performance metal stearates thermal stabilizers for poly vinyl chloride
- International Journal of Petrochemical Science & Engineering
Abd El-Ghaffar MA,1 Youssef EAM,2 Afify MF1
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Low thermal stability of poly vinyl chloride (PVC) is one of the most serious problems thatfacing its processing. In the present study some single and mixed metal stearate soaps were prepared, characterized and evaluated for their performance in enhancing and imparts the thermal stability of PVC. Accordingly, calcium stearate, barium stearate, zinc stearate and also the mixed metal stearate salt of calcium, zinc and barium were prepared by the double decomposition of sodium stearate and single or mixed metal acetate solutions. The prepared metal stearates were characterized via spectroscopic analysis (FT-IR and XRD) in addition to micro analysis and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). The results showed that the prepared metal stearates are good thermal stabilizers for PVC; also the thermal stability of the prepared (Ca/Ba/Zn) stearate was enhanced when melamine, ammonium poly phosphate, magnesium hydroxide and Ca/Zn phosphate are mixed with it.
poly vinyl chloride, thermal stabilizer, metal stearates