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Effect of NPK, organic manure and their combination on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of chilli (Capsicum AnnumL.)

Horticulture International Journal
Muhammad Ahsan Altaf,1 Rabia Shahid,Muhammad Asad Altaf,Ming-Xun Ren,Ke Tan,1 Wen-Qian Xiang,1 Abdul Qadir,Awais Shakoor,4  Muhammad Mohsin Altaf1

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A field experiment was conducted at the research area of department of horticulture, Institute of tropical agriculture and forestry, Hainan University, Haikou, Hainan, China, during the winter season 2016-2017. The research was arranged in randomized complete block design with nine treatments of organic manures in combination with NPK fertilizers having three replications. The highest yield was recorded with T9 treatment (N: P: K 100:50:50+FYM@8 ton per hectare). Plant height at harvesting, number of branches plant-1, number of fruits plant-1, fruit width, fruit length and fruit weight increased significantly with T9 treatment (N: P: K 100:50:50+FYM@8 ton per hectare). Similarly application of NPK100%+FYM@8 ton per hectare increased oleoresin yield and ascorbic acid content. Application of FYM@8 ton per hectare in combination with NPK100% increased the uptake of nutrients (N, P, K, Ca, S, and Fe) as compared to control. Similar results were also found in other organic manures along with inorganic fertilizer. The highest net return (Rs. 30183 per hectare) was achieved with the application of NPK100%+FYM@8 ton per hectare followed by NPK100%+ PM@6 ton per hectare, NPK100%+VC@10 ton per hectare and NPK100%+C@7 ton per hectare.


poultry manure, farm yard manure, vermicompost, compost, ground nut cake, agriculture sector, organic manures, tropical agriculture, groundnut cake, compost, poultry manure, vermicompost, harvesting stage, inorganic fertilizers