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Biomechanical analysis of a bone-plate system to treat forearm fractures


MOJ Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
Islas-Jiménez D I,1 Urriolagoitia Sosa G,1 Espinosa- Hernández M E,1 Romero Ángeles B,1 Martínez Reyes J,1 González Uribe I,1 Vargas Bustos JA,2 Urriolagoitia Calderón GM1

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Abstract

The degeneration of the human body due to the passage of time in conjunction with the increase in life expectancy, have led to the evolution in the treatment of fractures. In Mexico, traffic accidents and falls account for a 40% risk of muscle injury, especially fractures in patients aged 15 to 29 years, and are the leading cause of medical disabilities. Radius/ulna fractures rank second in patients between the ages of 19 and 59, this frequency makes the treatment of these fractures paramount to the health system. Currently, the treatment of radio fractures is done using stents such as bone plates, as these offer greater mechanical support compared to the old methods (plasters, bandages and tablets), providing a correct stability and improvement in the healing of bone tissue. The internal fixation device modeled in this work for the treatment of radio fractures is a plate made of 316L steel, medical grade, which thanks to its mechanical properties and biocompatibility with the human body, ensure a bone remodeling reducing the risk of possible infections and/or malformations in patients.

Keywords

Stents, surgical and fractures, finite element method, computed tomography, computer aided design software, scans appear, three-dimensional

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