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Functional assessment in athletes with and without knee injury of a rugby team


International Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Journal
Nicolle Lahm Barbosa,1 Leonardo Fratti Neves2

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Abstract

Rugby is one of the most practiced sports in the world and under development in Brazil, being one of the most expanding. It is a collision sport and extremely competitive, exposing players to a high number of injuries, especially in the knee joint. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of injuries in the anterior cruciate ligament or posterior cruciate ligament of the knee, the type of treatment of choice (conservative or surgical), and functional performance of amateur rugby athletes from a municipality in the Vale do Rio region. of the bells. Methodologically, it was characterized by an observational, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. Data collection was performed with amateur rugby players from a municipality in the Rio dos Sinos Valley region. To perform this research, two questionnaires were used as instruments, one for characterization of the sample profile and the other for subjective knee evaluation through the IKDC-2000, in addition to functional tests - Hop Tests. Sixteen amateur rugby athletes with a mean age of 23.75±4.43 years participated in the study. The results show that most of the athletes (81.3%) were male, that of the 16 athletes who participated, only 3 (18.8%) presented knee ligament injury (ACL or PCL), and that of all athletes who presented knee injury, 100% were male. Among those with injuries, 12.5% ??underwent conservative treatment and 6.3% underwent surgical treatment. Regarding functional performance, all athletes presented a high level of lower limb symmetry index in functional tests, regardless of presenting ligament injuries or not, with no statistical difference (p <0.05). Regarding the IKDC-2000 score, they had a regular performance, with an average of 75.46± 15.31%, demonstrating that the athletes present a regular performance, but it does not hinder its functionality in relation to the activities performed. It was possible to identify, from the analyzed data, that before the sample there were few athletes with previous knee ligament injury, besides all presenting, being classified as partial ruptures. This may be due to the fact that athletes with more significant injuries end up withdrawing from sports or are functionally well. However, there is a need for follow-up to prevent future injuries, considering that of the sixteen athletes, only seven perform injury prevention work.

Keywords

athletes, injuries, olympic sports, rugby players, ligament reconstruction, thraumatological injuries, knee joint, ligament reconstruction, functional tests, chi-square test, categorical variables, preventive exercises, ligament injury, variability of skills, physical attributes

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