Prevalence of cesarean section and associated factor among women who give birth in the last one year at Butajira General Hospital, Gurage Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia, 2019
- International Journal of Pregnancy & Child Birth
Solomon Shit,1 Asefa Shifera,2 Rahima Eyado,2 Hawi Tadesa,2 Aberash Beyene1
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Background: Caesarean section is an operational procedure whereby the fetus, placenta, and membrane after the end of the 28th week is delivered through an incision on the abdominal and uterine walls. This does not include delivery through an abdominal incision of a fetus lying free in the abdominal cavity following uterine rupture or in secondary abdominal pregnancy.
Objective: To assess the prevalence of cesarean section delivery and associated factors among women who give birth one last year in Butajira General Hospital on April 1-15, 2019.
Methods: Institution based retrospective cross-section study was employed among 250 patient charts in Butajira General Hospital from April 1-15, 2019. A systematic random sampling technique was used. A record review was used to collect the data. The data were entered into Epi data version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 24 for analysis. All variables with P<0.25 in the bivariate analysis were included in the final model and statistical significance was declared at P< 0.05.
Conclusion: Therefore, the overall magnitude of the cesarean section is above the world health organization’s; appropriate indication must be assessed before proceeding to the procedure. Rural residence, fetal weight greater than 2500gm and previous history of stillbirth were independent predictors of cesarean section. And minimizing stillbirth by helping the women to attend maternal and child health clinics during her course of pregnancy and the postpartum period that decreases her fear and stress due to bad history.
cesarean section, postpartum mother, Butajira, hysterectomy, placental