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The nutritional status of older people attended at Eliza Queiroz Maciel Living Center in Manacapuru, Amazonas, Brazil


International Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Elizama André Gomes Lopes,1 Ana  Felisa Hurtado-Guerrero,2 José Camilo Hurtado-Guerrero3

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the nutritional status of older people attended at Eliza Queiroz Maciel Living Center in Manacapuru, Amazonas, Brazil.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional research study approach.

Results: It was found that among the 78 older people participants, older women (83.3%), widows (41.0%), between 65 and 69 years old (37.2%), mediums brown (46.1%), Catholics (76.9%), incomplete elementary education (35.9%), with 4 to 6 children (30,8%), retired (78.2%), monthly income 1 to 3 minimum wages (73.1%), own house (88.5%) of masonry (75.6%) and with electrical services, piped water, garbage collection and sewage network (48.7%).  It  was  observed,  on  average,  higher  prevalence  of  overweight  by  World  Health  Organization  and  Lipschitz  cut  points  (39.7%  and  55.13%),  respectively,  followed  by  obesity (41.03%) by PAHO cut points, with greatly increased risk in body fat index (BFI) (53.85%),  waist  circumference  (WC)  (82.05%)  and  increased  for  hip  waist  ratio  (HWR)  (94.87%).

Conclusions: It can be concluded that 51.1 % of the evaluated older people were overweight, and older women showed a very high risk for diseases associated with overweight (90.8 %), with the predominance of android fat in older women (86.15%).

Keywords

evaluation of nutritional status, obesity, overweight, nutritional transition, ageing, gerontology, health of older people

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