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Specificity principle applied in the volleyball


MOJ Sports Medicine
Nelson Kautzner Marques Junior1,2

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Abstract

Specificity principle the trainer needs to prepare the session the most similar to the competition and the physical training with the strength and the resistance required during the sports practice. How the coach can use the specificity principle in the volleyball training? Volleyball books do not have this information. Then, the objective of the mini-review was to explaining the use of the specificity principle in the volleyball training. Traditional periodization of Matveev determined that aerobic training is the most important session for the athlete because this training for the athlete practices higher loads in the other training phase. This type of training is not specific for the volleyball because the rally is alactic and the match improves the aerobic conditioning, in the volleyball the physical training more important for the volleyball player is the strength training.The volleyball players deserve to practice the special strength training and reactive strength training because these strength trainings is in accordance with the specificity principle. The years 80 was the Cooper era because the volleyball players practiced long-running of 5 kilometers or more.The long-running is not specific for the volleyball player because this match is intermittent. Then, the type of training with an intermittent action is the fartlek and the interval training. Therefore, knowing the content of the specificity principle is important for the physical trainer to elaborate the training. The volleyball coach needs to know the specificity principle for elaborate with more quality the session and the periodization for the volleyball players. In conclusion, the specificity principle is useful to guide the training.

Keywords

volleyball, periodization, training, sports, performance

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