Effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation with stretching and exercises in restless leg syndrome among pregnant women
- Obstetrics & Gynecology International Journal
S Jenifer Augustina,1 MG Kaviya,2 D Indrani1
PDF Full Text
Background:Restless legs syndrome also known as Willis-Ekbom disease is a sensor motor disorder composed of an urge to move with or without associated discomfort that occurs with inactivity and improves with movement. The symptoms occur in leg muscles like calves and thighs. The feet and arms also affected and it causes the functional disability in pregnant women. Sleep disorder is typically the biggest complication of this condition. Unpleasant sensations are deep in the legs. Sensations appear during periods of rest or inactivity particularly in the evening and at night and relived by movement. Prevalence of RLS among pregnant women ranged from 10 to 34%.
Aim: The aim of the study is to prove the effect of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) with Stretching and Exercises in restless leg syndrome among pregnant women.
Objectives: To determine and prove the effectiveness of TENS with stretching to relive pain and improve the functional ability in restless leg syndrome among pregnant women.
Materials and Methods:A Quasi-experimental study was conducted on 30 subjects using convenient sampling technique based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Subjects were allotted into 2 groups i.e., Group A with 15 subjects and Group B with 15 subjects using odd even method of sampling. Experimental group will be treated with TENS and Stretching. Control group will be treated with exercises and massage.
Result:Statistical Analysis of Post test for pain and functional performance revealed that patients who received Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) with Stretching in Group A showed marked improvement compared to patients who received Massage and Exercises in Group B.
Conclusion:From the result of the study it concluded that Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) with Stretching is more effective than massage and exercises in subjects with restless leg syndrome among pregnant women.
Restless leg syndrome, Sensor motor neurological disorder, Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, Stretching, exercises, Pregnant women, Pain, Functional ability, Massage, Numeric pain rating scale