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Metastasis to testis and testicular adnexa of prostate adenocarcinoma in two high complexity centers in the cities of Bogota and Medellin: A case series

MOJ Surgery
David Ruiz Londoño,<sup>1,2,3</sup> Rodolfo Varela,<sup>4</sup> Estefanía Celis Reyes,<sup>5</sup> Daniela Camila Niño Vargas,<sup>6</sup> Camilo Giraldo Villegas,<sup>7 </sup>Daniel Aristizabal Mazo<sup>8</sup>

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Prostate cancer occurs in one of every eight males in the United States based.1 Its incidence is strongly associated with the age of the patients. In this context, the incidence of the disease is 0.2% and 16% in patients in their 40s or over 80 years old, respectively.2 The most frequent sites of metastasis are bone (84%), lymph nodes (10.6%), liver (10.6%) and lungs (9.1%).2,3 Testicular metastasis is a relatively rare event that occurs in 0.18 to 0.5% of the patients diagnosed with prostate adenocarcinoma.2 Testicular metastasis is considered a sign of advanced disease, frequently associated with higher Gleason score, systemic disease and worse oncologic prognosis.4,5


prostatic neoplasms, neoplasm metastasis, testis, testicular neoplasms