Objective: To determine obstetric and perinatal outcomes in COVID-19 infection through
a literature review.
Methodology: An advanced search was carried out in Pubmed, with the format: patient,
intervention and results with 67 terms, among them: “pregnant”, “newborn”, “covid-19”,
“abortion” and “placental pathology”. A filter for the year 2019 and 2020 was applied, 506
studies were found that were filtered by title, abstract and type of study, selecting those
whose sample is pregnant and/or neonates diagnosed with COVID-19, and who report
negative obstetric and/ or perinatal results. Finally, 42 were selected.
Results: The results that stood out due to their prevalence or severity were: premature
delivery, placental patholog y, IgM and/or IgG antibodies to COVID-19 increased in
pregnant women and newborns, non-reassuring fetal status, COVID-19(+) in breast milk,
in liquid amniotic or vaginal swab, probable intrapartum transmission, admission to the
NICU, poor fetal or maternal vascular perfusion and caesarean section due to a maternal
condition associated with the virus.
Conclusions: We suggest establishing timely prevention measures in pregnant women to
avoid contagion by COVID-19 during and after pregnancy, in order to avoid the risk of
complications associated with the virus that carries important consequences for the mother
pregnancy, newborn, COVID-19