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Bee products and their processing: a review

Pharmacy & Pharmacology International Journal
Isayas Asefa Kebede,1 Haben Fesseha Gebremeskel,2 Abrahim Dawed Ahmed,3 Gelan Dule2


The goal of this paper was to go over a variety of bee products, such as bee pollen, beebread, propolis, honey, royal jelly, beeswax, and bee venom, which are all-natural items that have been used in medicine since ancient times. Honey, propolis, and pollen are used to treat burn wounds because they have antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, disinfecting, antifungal, and antiviral properties. Beeswax is used in the production of cosmetics and ointments in pharmacies. Their broad biological effects have been studied and used since antiquity. They are all significant not only for their nutritional benefits but also for their functional and biological properties. These actions are ascribed mostly to phenolic chemicals such as flavonoids. Because many approaches and processes are available for bee product processing, this evaluation also includes extraction and quality testing methods for bee products.


bee products, extraction of propolis, honey, pasteurization, pollen