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Variability of the superior and inferior gluteal arteries in cadaveric study

MOJ Anatomy & Physiology
Valchkevich Dzmitry, Tokina Ina  


Background: The anatomy of the gluteal arteries is a topic of great importance in clinical practice, as knowledge of their variant structure holds significant value for accurate examination, diagnosis, and treatment of various conditions. Objective: In this article, the main variations in the anatomy of the gluteal arteries are explored. Understanding these variations will enable medical professionals to perform more precise diagnoses and select the most effective treatment methods. Methods: For the current study with the help of anatomical dissection method, 34 cadavers of people aged over 50 years (19 females and 15 males) were investigated. 68 preparations of pelvic arteries in total were studied. In each case the internal iliac artery and its branches, including gluteal arteries were investigated. Results/Conclusion: The individual variability of the gluteal vessels was shown. The inferior gluteal artery has greater variability in comparison with the superior one. Some slight asymmetry is characteristic for gluteal arteries, both in male and female. The anatomical correlation of gluteal arteries with some other vessels of pelvis have been revealed.


gluteal artery, variability, asymmetry, correlation, topography