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The question of secularization: Spinoza and his relationships to deism and atheism

Sociology International Journal
<font face="Arial, Verdana"><span style="font-size: 13.3333px;">Jacques J Rozenberg</span></font>

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The aim of this article is to bring to light some of the factors that allowed the emergence of secularization, and to understand to what extent and in what ways these factors contributed to the formation of the main lines of Spinozism. I will first examine the issues of secularization, emphasizing the importance of the transformations in the status of the Hebrew language during the Renaissance. I will then analyze the role that the Tractatus theologico-politicus may have had in European culture. Finally, I will clarify Spinoza’s relationship to deism and atheism, specifying the nature of the controversies related to his religious attitude


secularization, Hebrew, Spinoza, Tractatus theologico-politicus, deism, atheism