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Nursing diagnoses in patients undergoing prostatectomy at the central hospital of Nampula, 1st semester of 2019


Introduction: The nursing diagnosis is a clinical assessment of a human response to health conditions/life processes, or a vulnerability to that response, by an individual, family, group or community. The research aims to describe the main nursing diagnoses in patients undergoing prostatectomy admitted to Surgery II at the Hospital Central de Nampula. Objectives: This is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach, involving patients admitted to surgery II undergoing prostatectomy. All patients with the medical diagnosis of benign prostatic hyperplasia or prostate cancer who underwent prostate surgery were included, thus all patients who underwent prostate surgery but who had other chronic diseases were excluded. Data were analyzed with SPSS statistical package to obtain descriptive analysis, percentage and use of the following Q-square statistical test of independence. Results: the study involved 33 patients undergoing prostatectomy, 54.5% of these patients had primary schooling and the most predominant age group was 66-75 years old (39.4%). A total of 461 nursing diagnoses were found, and the most frequent were: Impaired walking 5.4%, Constipation 4.8, Risk of infection 6.9, Risk of vascular trauma 7.4%, Acute pain 5.4% and Deficit in self-care for bathing 6.7%. The following diagnoses were associated with the nursing diagnosis: impaired walking p value 0.000, dentition p value 0.006, constipation (p value 0.001), risk of electrolyte imbalance p value 0.000) and risk of falls (p value 0.000). Conclusion: the use of the nursing process by nurses facilitates the survey of health problems in sick patients in order to intervene in care using real nursing diagnoses, risk and health promotion.


nursing diagnoses, patients, prostatectomy