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Isolated chronic dysphonia revealing a systemic lupus erythematosus: 2 case reports

Journal of Otolaryngology-ENT Research
Moahmed Yafi,1 Sara Rochd,1 Othmane Benhoummad,2 Youssef Lakhdar,1 Youssef Rochdi,1 Abdel Azizraji1


Background: Laryngeal involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus may be asymptomatic, and diagnosis may only be made through routine screening or investigation for other symptoms. However, laryngeal involvement can also be potentially serious, with the potential for upper airway obstruction and other complications. Treatment typically involves systemic corticosteroids, which are often effective in managing symptoms. In some cases, more invasive procedures such as tracheotomy or mechanical ventilation may be necessary. Aim: Emphasize the involvement of the larynx in systemic lupus erythematosus and the crucial role of clinicians in recognizing its symptoms to consider a potential diagnosis. Case report: We report two cases of isolated dysphonia revealing systemic lupus erythematosus in two young adult females who had no other clinical signs of systemic lupus erythematosus. Conclusion: Due to the potential seriousness of laryngeal involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus, it is important for clinicians to maintain a high degree of suspicion for this condition in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, particularly in cases where there are unexplained respiratory or throat symptoms. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent potentially life-threatening complications.


chronic hoarseness, systemic lupus erythematosus, laryngolupus, diagnosis assessment