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Diarrhoea and dehydration in India- a case review


Diarrhea and dehydration are significant health challenges in India, particularly among children. Here are some key points. Prevalence: Diarrhea is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children under five in India. The prevalence is higher in rural areas compared to urban areas. Causes: Diarrhea is often caused by contaminated food or water, poor sanitation and hygiene practices, and inadequate access to healthcare. Dehydration: Diarrhea can lead to dehydration, which is particularly dangerous for children. Dehydration can occur quickly and can be life-threatening if not treated promptly. Children face lot of challenges due to the immature system and the changes that happen during their growth and development. Any illness adds up stress to them. Diarrheoa is the most common cause of mortality and morbidity in India. Most of the time its preventable and hence measures need to be taken by the health care professionals to prevent diaarhoe. Mass media communication is the best mode of communication to disseminate health information’s. Pediatric nurses need to address this issue as a top priority one. They need to empower the parents and community to initiate preventive measures so that the need for hospitalization may be prevented or minimized. This is a case review article with the ethical permission is presented in the article to emphaise on the nursing perspective in the prevention and management of diarrhea and dehydration


dirrheoa, dehydration, mortality, morbidity