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Prevalence and risk factors of female sexual dysfunction in low-risk women attending gynecology clinic at Kasr Alainy hospital: a cross-sectional study

Obstetrics & Gynecology International Journal
Mohamed El Mahy, Nesma Tarek, Maged Almohamady, Ahmed Samy Ali, Asmaa Ibrahim Ogila


Background: In Egypt, research on female sexual dysfunction, a prevalent health issue, is insufficient. Sexual dysfunction can develop later in life following a period of normal sexual functioning, or it can be an issue from the beginning of sexual activity.
Objective: The purpose of this research is to determine the prevalence of female sexual dysfunction and to look into potential risk factors that could lead to it in Egyptian women.
Methodology: This cross-sectional clinic-based survey trial was carried out at the Kasr Alainy gynecology outpatient clinic. 400 women were enrolled in the research after giving their consent, and data was gathered using a structured questionnaire, in which each participant was asked the same questions in the same sequence and manner throughout the interview. The validated Arabic version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire-Brief, which was provided by female investigators, was given to the participants to complete.
Results: Prevalence of female sexual dysfunction was 63% (252 females). Sexual dysfunction was statistically significantly higher among women aged between 35-45 years, with low educational level, no occupation, cases with low family income, residents of rural areas and duration of marriage >10 years. We noted highly statistically significant association between sexual dysfunction and nullipara, previous episiotomy, repeated CS, circumcision and no contraception and vaginitis or cervicitis.
Conclusion: Two thirds of women who visited the Kasr Alainy Hospital's gynecological outpatient clinic had female sexual dysfunction, a serious health issue that affected their quality of life.


sexual dysfunction, women, Egyptian