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Seroprevalence of transfusion -transmitted infections among blood donors in a tertiary care hospital in and around Koodapakkam, Puducherry, India

Hematology & Transfusion International Journal
Purshotam Paudel,1 Pammy Sinha,2 Pooja Shri Jayakumar3


Introduction: Even though blood transfusion safety has come a long way, TransfusionTransmitted Infections (TTI), which include bacterial, viral, parasitic, and prions, can still spread with each transfusion. The main goal of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of the five TTIs that are required to be tested in India among blood donors at our facility. Accurate estimates of the risk of TTIs are essential for monitoring the safety of the blood supply. Methodology: This was a retrospective descriptive study conducted in the blood centre of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Puducherry, from 2017 to 2023. Records from blood banks were reviewed to collect data on all donors who underwent appropriate testing for HIV, hepatitis C, Hepatitis B, syphilis, and malaria. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was done for HIV, HCV, HBsAg/hepatitis B surface antigen, and rapid card testing was done for syphilis and malaria. Results: There was a total of 2570 donors during the study period. In the present study, the overall seroprevalence of TTIs was 1.40%. The individual seropositivity rates were 0.03% for HIV, 0.93 % for HBsAg, and 0.43 % for syphilis. There were no cases of malaria and HCV detected in the study period. The highest percentage of prevalence was observed for HBV, followed by Syphilis and HIV. Conclusion: The overall seroprevalence of TTI in Puducherry was smaller than those reported elsewhere in the country. It was comparatively lesser than the national average for HIV, HCV, and HBV and much higher for syphilis. 


Puducherry, seroprevalence, transfusion-transmitted infections