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Epidemiology of migraine and other cephalic pain syndromes in Brazil

Journal of Neurology & Stroke
Bianca Roseane da Silva Nascimento, Ana Carolina Ribeiro de Araujo e Araujo, José Alberto Pereira Pires, Jacira do Nascimento Serra, Maria Hilda Araújo Ribeiro, Aeriberto Carlos Lindoso de Souza, Laiany Caroline dos Santos Silva, Almir José Guimarães Gouveia, Rafaela Matos Cantanhede, Keila Regina Matos Cantanhede, Sueli de Souza Costa, Consuelo Penha Castro Marques

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Headache is a highly prevalent pathology that affects individuals of varying ages, and that brings great functional and social damage to the individual, affecting productivity, concentration and interaction with the environment, it is more frequent in the age group of 20-50 years, has great impact on the daily activities of individuals, with functional and social impairment. The objective of this study was to analyze the epidemiological profile of migraine and other cephalic pain syndromes in Brazil from 2015 to 2019, through a study exploratory, descriptive, epidemiological, time series study, from January 2015 to December 2019, with secondary data from DATASUS - Ministry of Health, Brazil. There were n=49358 hospitalizations for headache and other pain syndromes in the period, which were more prevalent: Southeast Region (n = 16390), year 2019 (n = 11996), age group 30-39 years (n = 9333), female ( n = 32465), white race (n = 20790), average length of stay in the Northeast Region (n = 4.7 days), deaths (n = 379), mortality rate in Brazil (n = 0.77), with higher rate in the North (n = 1.21), total amount spent in the period was R $ 21045292,00, in the South Region the total amount spent was higher than in the others, totaling R $ 6961648,00. Therefore, headache is quite prevalent in Brazil, a growing trend in terms of the public number of hospitalizations/year, in terms of health, it demands high cost, affects more women and whites. In the case of an extensive epidemiological study, these data can support public health policies that aim to diagnose the different types of headache early and treat each type, thus improving their quality of life and work performance.


headache, migraine; epidemiology; collective health